In the “Epic-Panacea” cohort study, conducted on 103,455 men and 270,348 women aged 25 to 70 years who were recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries, researchers from the UK just concluded that the total meat consumption (red, white and poultry) is associated with weight gain in men and women, and decrease in this consumption can permit to lose weight. According to the authors, with adjustment for estimated energy intake, an increase in meat intake of 250 g/d (eg, one steak at approximately 450 kcal) would lead to a 2-kg higher weight gain after 5 years.
It should be noted that meat consumption in France has fallen steadily over the last ten years.
Reference : Vergnaud AC, Norat T, Romaguera D, Mouw T, May AM, Travier N, Luan J, Wareham N, Slimani N, Rinaldi S, Couto E, Clavel-Chapelon F, Boutron-Ruault MC, Cottet V, Palli D, Agnoli C, Panico S, Tumino R, Vineis P, Agudo A, Rodriguez L, Sanchez MJ, Amiano P, Barricarte A, Huerta JM, Key TJ, Spencer EA, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Büchner FL, Orfanos P, Naska A, Trichopoulou A, Rohrmann S, Hermann S, Boeing H, Buijsse B, Johansson I, Hellstrom V, Manjer J, Wirfält E, Jakobsen MU, Overvad K, Tjonneland A, Halkjaer J, Lund E, Braaten T, Engeset D, Odysseos A, Riboli E, Peeters PH, “Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study”, Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Aug;92(2):398-407. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Nov;92(5):1274-5; author reply 1275-6.